The Toyota Mirai hydrogen fuel cell car. This vehicle is....
The Toyota Mirai is a hydrogen fuel cell vehicle, brought to us by the global car giants Toyota. Mirai in Japanese means “future” and this pollution free fuel type could well be the future of all cars. Toyota plans to release this new hydrogen fuel cell car to the open marketplace in the USA and some of Europe in 2015. Initially this fuel cell car will only be available in the United Kingdom, Germany and Denmark the rest of the European Union countries will follow in 2017. The pricing will start at a base price around $75,000, €60,000 or £50,000
The Mirai is based on the Toyota FCV fuel self-concept car which was unveiled in 2013 at the Tokyo motor show. Toyota spoke out and said that the features will be a fuel cell system with an output power density of 3.0 kW L which was twice as high of the previous fuel cell concept car.
The Mirai Will be using Toyota’s predominantly small and lightweight fuel cell stack, and two 70MPahigh-pressure hydrogen tanks which will be placed beneath the specially designed body. When this car comes to market in 2015 there will be enough space for four passengers. Along with all the modern technology this vehicle also has futuristic and edgy look.
As Toyota has been testing this technology since the early 1990s they have found out the best solutions and run rate for this fuel cell technology. The Toyota stack achieves at a maximum 114 KW output. The electricity from the batteries, will mean that it's got a maximum output efficiency, this is enhanced due to the cars great use of 3-D fine mesh flow channels, Toyota brought these channels to this technology and they were the first in the world to do so. Toyota arranged them in a fine three-dimensional lattice structure and enhanced the dispensation there, whereby they were enabling a uniform generation of electricity on the cell surfaces. The Toyota Mirai stack is said to generates 160 times more power than any of the other residential fuel cells that are on sale in Japan.
There has been a lot of speculation around the safety of hydrogen fuel cell technology and the way hydrogen will react if the car was to crash. The Mirai has been subjected to extensive crash testing to evaluate the design specifically intended to address the safety issues, whether it be from the front, rear or sides of the vehicle. A high-level of consolation safety has also been achieved helping protect the fuel cell stack and the high-pressure tanks. The high-pressure hydrogen tanks have an excellent hydrogen emulation prevention performance, there are also sensors within these tanks that provide warnings and can shut off the main tank valves if the hydrogen tanks or any related parts which are located on outside of the cabin where to leak. The valves and pumps will automatically shut off which makes this vehicle very safe, and you don’t find these safety features on a conventional combustion engine vehicles.